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Cluster of Excellence EXC 2052 - "Africa Multiple: reconfiguring African Studies"

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Publications III/2019

Alber, Erdmute ; Martin, Jeannett: "Multiplicities of Kinship and Family in Africa"Hide

In: Ross, Friso ; Treichel, Stephanie ; Lutz, Ronald (ed.): Sozialarbeit des Südens. Band 7. Family Structures in Change - Challenges of Transitional Phenomena. - Oldenburg : Paulo Freire Verlag , 2019 . - pp. 17-35 . - (Internationale Sozialarbeit ; 7 )
ISBN 978-3-86585-915-0

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Arndt, Susan; Assa, Shirin: "Kolonialismus und Moderne: Konzepte des Transnationalen aus postkolonialer Perspektive"Hide

Das Verhältnis von Literatur und Transnationalität ist bislang vornehmlich in Einzelstudien thematisiert worden. Das Handbuch führt erstmals systematisch und historisch die aktuell diskutierten Forschungsperspektiven und den in verschiedener Hinsicht erprobten besonderen Erkenntniswert des Begriffs der Transnationalität– etwa gegenüber Internationalität und Transkulturalität – für die kulturwissenschaftlich fundierte Literaturforschung zusammen. In einer Vielzahl von Beiträgen zu theoretischen Grundlagen und methodischen Konzepten dokumentiert der Band, dass die Konjunktur des Begriffs – in Soziologie, Ökonomie, Politik- und Geschichtswissenschaft, Migrations- und Urbanitätsforschung – mittlerweile auch die Literaturwissenschaften erreicht und ein interdisziplinär äußerst produktives Forschungsfeld eröffnet hat. Überblicksdarstellungen und Einzelanalysen reflektieren Wirkmächtigkeit und Grenzen nationalliterarischer Kategorisierung in Literaturen der Gegenwart wie in historischer Perspektive und führen exemplarisch Formen und Verfahren transnationaler Literatur vor.

Arndt, Susan und Shirin Assa. “Kolonialismus und Moderne. Konzepte des Transnationalen aus postkolonialer Perspektive.“ Handbuch Literatur und Transnationalität. Ed. by Doerte Bischof & Susanne Komfort-Hein. Reihe "Handbücher zur kulturwissenschaftlichen Philologie" ed. by von Claudia Benthien, Ethel Matala de Mazza & Uwe Wirth. Berlin: De Gruyter Verlag: 351-365

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Arndt, Susan: "The Ethics of (Lacking) Responsibility in the Humanities"Hide

Arndt, Susan: "The Ethics of (Lacking) Responsibility in the Humanities: A Comment on Will Bridges’s “A Brief History of the Inhumanities”

The humanities have had a frustrating share in the inhumanities committed in the name of humanism. Scientific racism and African studies as kith and kin of colonialism and Maafa are just the tip of the iceberg. We need to revisit this history critically and with visions of what the new humanities should look like. In doing so, unlike Bridges, the article acknowledges the rich efforts of “critical humanities” as displayed within gender, postcolonial, disability, and posthuman studies. Thus framed, the article will delve into a genealogical rereading of Western humanism and its humanities that bridges antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, Enlightenment, and the longevity of the futures thereof. In doing so, it will focus on the entanglement of humanism/humanity and colonialism/racism, while starting off from a posthumanist complication of the culture/nature divide.

Susan Arndt, "The Ethics of (Lacking) Responsibility in the Humanities: A Comment on Will Bridges’s “A Brief History of the Inhumanities”," History of Humanities 4, no. 1 (Spring 2019): 27-39.

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Beisel, Uli: The Release of Genetically Engineered Mosquitoes in Burkina FasoHide

This commentary discusses the current release of genetically engineered mosquitoes in Burkina Faso as part of malaria control interventions. We explore three key issues relating to the releases, namely firstly the question if the scientific intervention is safe and sound, secondly if public engagement measure were genuine and sufficient, and thirdly the question of how the biotechnical innovation relates to other malaria control interventions. We close with some reflections on trust in biomedicine and how this can be fostered in processes of biomedical trials on the African continent.

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Daniel, Antje; Neubert, Dieter: "Civil society and social movements: conceptual insights and challenges in African contexts"Hide

The debate on different forms of political mobilization and self-organization in Africa refers to the established concepts of civil society and social movements. Knowing that the majority of studies on civil society and social movements focus on the Global North, we ask whether these concepts may be applied to Africa. We need to consider different forms of self-organization and the potential limits of the concepts. At the same time, ‘unusual cases’ from Africa may help us to sharpen our understanding of the concepts and to explore their analytical range and borders. This applies particularly to the observation that the terms civil society and social movement are often used interchangeably, which ignores the existing differences between the concepts. Therefore, we first consider their different perspectives: A study of civil society analyses the features of associations in a public sphere or arena and their role in politics and society. A study of social movements looks at processes of mobilization and action. Second, we point out the normative implications of the two concepts, especially with regard to liberal democracy, degree of politicization and relation to violence.

Antje Daniel & Dieter Neubert 2019: Civil Society and Social Movements: Conceptual Insights and Challenges in African Contexts. Critical African Studies. Online first. 

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Drescher, Martina: "Between Ignorance and Knowledge: Posters as Medium in HIV/AIDS Campaigns in Francophone Africa"Hide

Drescher, Martina (2019): Between Ignorance and Knowledge: Posters as Medium in HIV/AIDS Campaigns in Francophone Africa. In: Groß, Alexandra / Pech, Ramona / Vlassenko, Ivan (Hg.): HIV/AIDS. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven. Münster: Lit Verlag, 149-184.

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Fendler, Ute; Fink, Katharina; Siegert, Nadine; Vierke, Ulf (ed.): Revolution 3.0 - Iconographies of Radical Change.Hide

From the visual politics of the FRELIMO-liberation script in Mozambique via the brooms and spoons of Le Balai Citoyen in Burkina Faso, to the updating of images from past revolutions on Twitter and Facebook, often in the diaspora – images play a key role in the envisioning of futures and social utopia. And more than that: Revolutions, understood as moments of radical social and cultural change, are driven by images, as empirical investigations on- and offline show. But what actually constitutes the ‘seismographic power’ of images, and the sustainability of icons from past ruptures in terms of radicalism, such as the portraits of Burkina Faso’s and Mozambiques first presidents‚ Thomas Sankara and Samora Machel? What possibilities do images offer – and what is cut and edited in the process of creating a ‘new’ image? How do the visual tactics of analogue and digital protesters alike constitute, alter and create visual and multi-media archives?
This book brings together a wide range of papers by international researchers and artists focusing on the relationship of images and revolution mostly in the African context. Images in various artistic media such as photography, art in public space, performance, fashion are discussed, but also the relation of visual culture and politics in Mozambique, Angola and Burkina Faso among others.

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Fendler, Ute: "Icons of Political Leaders - from Sacral to Popular Images"Hide

In: Fendler, Ute ; Fink, Katharina ; Siegert, Nadine ; Vierke, Ulf (ed.): Revolution 3.0 : Iconographies of Radical Change. - München : AVM Edition , 2019 . - pp. 34-51
ISBN 978-3-95477-090-8

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Fendler, Ute: "Responding to Onejoon Che. The monument “Renaissance d’Afrique"Hide

In: Fendler, Ute ; Fink, Katharina ; Siegert, Nadine ; Vierke, Ulf (ed.): Revolution 3.0 : Iconographies of Radical Change. - München : AVM Edition , 2019 . - pp. 192-207
ISBN 978-3-95477-090-8

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Gruber, Valerie V. V.: "Relational Geographies of Afro-Brazilian Identities : What Can We Learn from the Candeal ...Hide

Gruber, Valerie: "Relational Geographies of Afro-Brazilian Identities : What Can We Learn from the Candeal Neighborhood in Salvador Da Bahia (Brazil)?"

In: Depkat, Volker ; Waldschmidt-Nelson, Britta ; Falk, Jasmin (ed.): Cultural Mobility and Knowledge Formation in the Americas. - Heidelberg : Universitätsverlag Winter , 2019 . - pp. 95-119 . - (Publikationen der Bayerischen Amerika-Akademie ; 20 )
ISBN 978-3-8253-6948-4

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Haferburg, Christoph; Rothfuss, Eberhard: Relational UrbanityHide

Current debates in urban studies are questioning the theoretical and empirical adequacy of the term city for understanding urban dynamics, North and South. A related concern is the arbitrariness of delimitations of expanding, interwoven and hyper-connected agglomerations. Established regionalizations of urban areas or cities are thus fading away in more than one sense, demanding conceptual and methodological consequences. Building on these debates, the paper stresses the relevance of societal or socio-spatial dimensions of urbanity. The need to contextualize them across scales finds its expression in the term global urban society. Taking this idea further, we propose a research programme centred on a conceptual and empirical investigation of a relational urbanity.

Haferburg, Christoph; Rothfuss, Eberhard, Relational Urbanity: Perspectives of a Global Urban Society beyond Universalism and Localism Relationale Urbanität: Perspektiven einer globalen urbanen Gesellschaft jenseits von Universalismus und Lokalismus, Geographische Zeitschrift, Volume 107, Number 3, July 2019, pp. 166-187(22).

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Katsakioris, Constantin: The Lumumba University in Moscow: higher education for a Soviet–Third World alliance, 1960–91Hide

Founded in Moscow in 1960 for students from Third World countries, the Peoples’ Friendship University ‘Patrice Lumumba’ was the most important venture in international higher education during the Cold War and a flagship of Soviet internationalism. It aimed to educate a Soviet-friendly intelligentsia and foster a Soviet–Third World alliance. This article retraces the history of this school, often criticized for its Third World concept, recruitment, and training policies. It recalls the forgotten French initiative to create a university for the underdeveloped countries, situates Lumumba University in the global Cold War, and compares it with mainstream Soviet schools. Soon after its creation, Lumumba University underwent important changes, but departed from its initial educational concept. Consequently, arguments justifying the existence of a special university disappeared. Third World countries, moreover, never agreed with the university’s concept. Despite its educational accomplishments, Lumumba University became the Achilles’ heel of Soviet cultural policy.

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Netz, Sabine; Lempp Sarah, Krause Kristine and Schramm Katharina, eds. Special Issue Citizenship Studies 23 (7).Hide

What have affirmative action policies, categorization of care needs, plastic surgery, forensic identification of dead bodies and age assessments of refugees in common? They all determine recognition and access to resources and rights via the body. In the introduction to this special issue, the editors emphasize that the body only becomes distinct and significant when it is put in relation to historically and geographically differing norms and standards. This relational approach opens up the ‘black boxes’ of science, medicine, bureaucracy and eventually the body. Drawing on practice theory, critical citizenship studies and Science and Technology Studies, the authors discuss notions of social citizenship and the conceptualization of biological citizenship in medical anthropology. They think with the contributions of the special issue that analyse how medical practitioners, state and private institutions, as well as individuals enact certain bodies in specific material and discursive constellations. By taking neither citizenship nor the body for granted, the special issue shows how situationally-bound elements in relations, space and time, matter for a person’s access to rights and resources – and hence can draw attention to blind spots in particular categorization practices.

Sabine Netz, Sarah Lempp, Kristine Krause and Katharina Schramm, eds. (2019): Special Issue „Claiming Citizenship Rights through the Body Multiple“. Citizenship Studies 23 (7).

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Neubert, Dieter: "What We Can Learn from the Fading Myth of the (African) “Middle Class” "Hide

Less than ten years ago we observed a kind of media hype over the “new” middle class in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. This was considered as a large new group of consumers and the most optimistic researchers underlined that they would also be the backbone of a new global movement towards democracy and good governance (Birdsall 2016). Indeed, income figures justify the idea that there is a growing group of people who have climbed above the US $2.00 per capita/day poverty line. And in Asia and Latin America a considerable part of the population has a per capita income of ten or even twenty US dollars a day. In times of growing critique in post-development and post-colonial studies of development policy, including critique of the concept of “development” itself, this global middle class seems to verify the success of the concept of economic development and economic growth.

Dieter Neubert 2019: What we can learn from the fading myth of the (African) “middle class”. Global-E September 17, 2019, Volume12, Issue 40           

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Neubert, Dieter: "Nation, Ethnicity, Milieus, and Multiple “We’s”. The Case of Kenya"Hide

The title of the volume “Future Africa—beyond the nation?” has several implications. Nation is presented as an entity relevant to identification and identity; and in the combination with “future”, nation implies a political vision. It is not hard to find good examples in respect of these implications. However, there are other entities important for to political identification. Often, they do not go beyond the nation but refer to smaller collective identities, such as ethnicity. The revived debate on “the middle class” implies that particular social groupings, such as class, may play a role, too. The question is how relevant are the nation and other collective political identities in Africa, and are they exclusive? Looking at the case of Kenya, we see on the one hand that collective (political) identities, such as ethnicity, are mobilized especially during elections. On the other hand, these collective identities are less dominant in everyday life and give way to different conducts of life (conceptualized as “milieus”) that are less politicized. We see people maneuvering between multiple “we’s”. Strong political identities are mobilized only in particular conflict-loaded situations that restructure identities in simple binary oppositions of “we” and “they”.

Dieter Neubert 2019: Nation, ethnicity, milieus and multiple “we’s”. The case of Kenya. Humanities 19, (8) 3, special issue “Beyond the nation”.

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Tchokothe, Rémi Armand: "Archiving Collective Memories and (Dis)owning"Hide

This paper investigates the question of ownership of collective memories in the age of digitized archiving. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (henceforth Unesco) philosophy of preserving the world cultural heritage has boosted research on African oral literatures. The emphasis on the documentation of endangered cultures of Africa is salutary but also raises some critical questions. The central question this contribution addresses is that of the authorship-ownership of cultural heritage that is being archived in the framework of digital humanities. In essence, the notion of “collective memories” entails that of collective authorship and collective belonging as these memories are passed on from one generation to the other without the claim of singular ownership. A significant example in this line of thought has been the observation by the cultural giant Amadou Hampâté Bâ who ironically pointed out that the real author of The Fortunes of Wangrin (1973), which is attributed to him, is actually the storyteller Wangrin – the cunning interpreter – and members of the whole literary tradition that Wangrin embodied. In the preface of a recently published volume on La question de l’auteur en littératures africaines (Jérôme Roger 2015: 16) the author asks the following pertinent question: how can African literature, both oral and others, invite scholars to rethink the relationship between the anonymity of sources, versions and variants of stories and the constraint for an author’s name imposed by editors? The question has more weight in view of the massive digitization of African oral literatures that mostly takes place in institutions with more economic prestige and which are located outside the African continent. Therefore, the interrogation centres on the role of power with regard to the form in which these (hi)stories are published, where, how and to whom they are accessible, and to the habit of researchers to name people from whom they receive the bulk of knowledge which they transcribe and translate into the academic jargon “informants” instead of giving them more credit by referring to them as research partners or even by recognising them as co-authors. In this vein, the paper rounds up by exploring the possibility of reversing the customary auctorial perspective by bringing into the discussion the idea of “researchers as griots” suggested by (Merolla, Ameka & Dorvlo 2013).

Tchokothe, R.A., 2019. Archiving Collective Memories and (Dis)owning. AF 32. https://doi.org/10.21825/af.v32i1.11792

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Tchokothe, Rémi Armand: "Le camfranglais et la camerounité diasporique relationnelle en Allemagne"Hide

Le  camfranglais  est  cette  langue  hybride  issue  du  contact  entre  les  langues  autochtones  camerounaises,  le  français,  l’anglais,  le  pidgin-English et même les langues immigrées parlées au Cameroun. Si plusieurs études ont analysé la situation de cette langue au Cameroun, ce  livre  est  le  tout  premier  qui  se  propose  d’analyser  de  manière  systématique   les   pratiques   langagières   des   camfranglophones   en   contexte diasporique. Il explore les nouveaux espaces du camfranglais en  focalisant  l’attention  sur  les  principaux  pays  d’immigration  des  Camerounais  en  Occident,  ainsi  que  sur  les  zones  fufuldéphone  et  anglophone du Cameroun. Les   auteurs   analysent   les   pistes   interprétatives   qui   sous-tendent   l’émergence  du  camfranglais  hors  des  frontières  du  Cameroun,  mais  aussi  dans  les  réseaux  sociaux  enrichis  par  les  discours  électroniques,  à  travers  une  démarche  interdisciplinaire  qui  embrasse  aussi  bien  la  sémiotique et l’ethnologie, que la sociolinguistique de l’immigration et de la globalisation.Un ouvrage novateur sur la dynamique sociolinguistique en Afrique

Siebetcheu, R. (Ed.), 2019. Le camfranglais dans le monde global: contextes migratoires et perspectives sociolinguistiques. L’Harmattan, Paris.

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Zoanni, Tyler: “Appearances of Disability and Christianity in Uganda” Hide

This article considers how Christianity contributes to the appearance of cognitive disability in Uganda, a country with some of the most progressive disability policies in the world but little in the way of formal care and advocacy for cognitively disabled people. As a point of departure, the article invokes Hannah Arendt’s notion of appearance as a way to thematize the importance of public display in Ugandan social life, as well as the challenge that people with evidently profound disabilities pose to Ugandan social aesthetics. It first traces how cognitive disability disappears under the liberal logics that organize Uganda’s secular disability laws and activism, and then compares the ways that Catholic and Pentecostal efforts sustain the appearance of cognitive disability, in light of their theological differences and their common paternalism. Even as Christian paternalism in the face of cognitive disability may prove repugnant to a liberal vision of disability politics, I argue that it sustains a form of disability appearance otherwise not possible in Uganda.

Zoanni, T., 2019. Appearances of Disability and Christianity in Uganda. Cult. Anthropol. 34.

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Zoanni, Tyler: "Population (What is It Good For?) "Hide

We invoke the anti-Vietnam War song "War" because a spirit of urgency—not unlike the song's own—animates contemporary reflections on population as a global problem.1 The spirit of defiance found in that song also appears in some of the books we review here: three slim volumes that raise questions about the uses and abuses of the notion of population. This notion does much work in contemporary economic and development policy, as well as in debates about migration to the EU and the US. It creeps up in nationalist ideas about safeguarding the imagined roots of many Euro-American societies, and it is the centerpiece of dystopic visions of out-of-control numbers that endanger the entire planet.

Calkins, S., Zoanni, T., 2019. Population (What is It Good For?). Anthropological Quarterly 92, 919–929.

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