Kola Ogunmola as the Otunba (Still picture from Taiwo Shango, © Nina Fischer-Stephan, 1965; Iwalewahaus, University of Bayreuth - Stephan Estate)
Research Section: Arts and Aesthetics
Joint project by ACC UniLag & UBT
Project duration: July 2021 – December 2022
To access the ACC UniLag websites, please kindly click here and here.
Yinka Akerele as Patricia and Christopher Kolade as Taiwo (Still picture from Taiwo Shango, © Nina Fischer-Stephan, 1965; Iwalewahaus, University of Bayreuth - Stephan Estate)
This project will analyse and evaluate the long-lost TV film, Taiwo Shango: Der 2. Tag nach dem Tod [The Second Day after the Death] (TS, 1965) — a joint-production by the Bavarian Broadcasting Corporation (BR), West German Broadcasting Corporation (WDR), and Nigerian Television Service (NTS) — in relation to contemporaneous cultural production in Nigeria.
Written and directed by Klaus Stephan, then BR’s ‘Resident Special Correspondent’ in Nigeria, the film makes controversial use of an historical incident – the interruption of the ritual suicide at Oyo (mid-1940s) – that inspired Duro Ladipo’s Ọba Waja (1964) and which Wole Soyinka responded to in Death and the King’s Horseman (1975). Shot almost entirely with Nigerian actors on location, the film sits uneasily at the juncture of an emerging Nigerian television service, post-independence cultural production (specifically in connection to Yoruba Travelling Theatre, the Mbari Clubs and Ulli Beier), Stephan’s journalistic out-put and the work of his wife, Nina Fischer-Stephan, photographer and filmmaker. Of particular importance to the film is the contribution of Segun Olusola, a sometimes neglected pioneer of Nigerian television, as actor, assistant producer and location manager.
Howard Vernon as Dr Brian and Elsie Olusola as Dr Oju (Still picture from Taiwo Shango, © Nina Fischer-Stephan, 1965; Iwalewahaus, University of Bayreuth - Stephan Estate)
TS caused some controversy in Nigeria, and was seemingly abandoned after its single 1965 broadcast in Germany. Our project is geared towards engaging with the multiple, often contradictory, perspectives in and on the film at the interface of coloniality and early postcoloniality. We understand TS as a concrete cultural manifestation of Pratt’s ‘contact zone’ (2007), not necessarily in the sense of a strictly binary imperial encounter, but as an interdependent engagement of two national cultural industries with uneven power and production realities in which a certain image, and thus knowledge, of ‘Africa’ was construed. While essentially a European fiction of Africa (Appiah 1992), the film reflects and creates social and artistic discourses of Nigerian life at the time, including gender and race relations, leisure activities, music production/consumption, community practices and spirituality.
We propose to analyse the context in which the film was produced, the modalities of production, the distribution of and responses to the film. We will study its multi-layered, multi-lingual aesthetics in relation to contemporaneous Nigerian works, including its soundtrack for which Akin Euba was the musical consultant. Above all, we will pay attention to the intersection of gender, race, nationality, religion and class to examine power relations both on - and off-screen.
The project is a first step towards the recuperation, appraisal and digitisation of two major private collections: the Fischer-/Stephan archive (Iwalewahaus), and the Lagos holdings of the late Segun Olusola.
Appiah, Kwame Anthony, In My Father’s House: Africa in the Philosophy of Cultures (OUP 1992).
Pratt, Mary Louise, Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation, 2nd ed. (Routledge 2007).
Segun Olusola (front right) as Taiwo’s brother Kehinde, with Kola Ogunmola in the background (Still picture from Taiwo Shango, © Nina Fischer-Stephan, 1965; Iwalewahaus, University of Bayreuth - Stephan Estate)
- Lekan Balogun (UniLag)
- James Gibbs (emeritus, University of the West of England, UK)
- Bode Omojola (Mount Holyoke, USA)
- Onookome Okome (University of Alberta, CA)
- Ife Aboluwade (University of Bayreuth)
Wolfgang Fuhrmann (Independent, Colombia)
Activities and Events:
- Online-Workshop: "Reactivating old film reels: Debating methodologies of collaborative restitution of archival films", Frobenius-Institute, Goethe-University Frankfurt, 28 May 2021
- VAD Conference 2022, Albert Ludwig University Freiburg im Breisgau, 7–10 June 2022: “Africa and Europe: Reciprocal Perspectives”
- 6th Annual Lagos Studies Association Conference: "Everyday Life in Africa: Past and Present", University of Lagos, 21-25 June 2022 (To access the homepage of the Lagos Studies Association, please click here.)
- We would like to draw attention to the online exhibition of ‘Nina-Fischer-Stephan: The Respectful Gaze’ (01 July 22 – 01 Oct 22) by Modern Art Film Archive, curated by Akinbode Akinbiyi and Gisela Kayser (assisted by Mireya Palmeira), background and historical information by Mareike Palmeira and Malam Mudi Yahaya. Please click here to enter: http://www.modernartfilmarchiv.de/
For coverage of the onsite exhibition in Tinubu Square, Lagos:
Exhibition Tinubu Square | Nairaland
Nina Fischer in the Nigerian Press:
Nina Fischer and the respectful gaze by Mudi Yahaya | Premium Times Nigeria
A blast from the past at Tinubu Square | This Day Live